For example, a low-sodium diet is commonly prescribed to people with certain medical conditions, including heart failure, high blood pressure and kidney disease. This article explains why a low-sodium diet is necessary for some people and reviews benefits, risks and foods to avoid and eat. Sodium is an essential mineral involved in many important bodily functions, including cellular function, fluid regulation, electrolyte balance and maintaining blood pressure 1. Because this mineral is vital to life, your kidneys tightly regulate its levels based on the concentration osmolarity of bodily fluids 2. Sodium is found in most foods you eat — though whole foods like vegetables, fruits and poultry contain much lower amounts. Plant-based foods like fresh produce generally have less sodium than animal-based foods, such as meat and dairy products. Sodium is most concentrated in processed and packaged foods like chips, frozen dinners and fast food where salt is added during processing to enhance flavor. Another major contributor to sodium intake is adding salt to food when preparing meals in your kitchen and as a seasoning before eating.
Avoid medications which contain sodium such as Alka Seltzer and Bromo Seltzer. Herbs and spices without salt. Yet, too little sodium may have negative health effects, and this type of diet is unnecessary for most people. Healthy Snack Ideas Snacks can be an important part of a nutritious eating plan if the foods you choose contribute to a well-balanced diet. Shortening, lard. Canned foods, cured or smoked meats, foods soaked in brine like pickles, broth or bouillon, frozen dinners, snack foods that you can see salt on them, and fast food are some of the higher sodium foods. Desserts Select fruit, sherbet, gelatin, and plain cakes. Low Sodium Diet A main source of sodium is table salt. However, some people have raised concerns over potentially harmful compounds. Reviewed by: The U. A study in people with heart failure demonstrated that restricting sodium to less than 2, mg per day was associated with a significantly higher risk of death or hospitalization, compared to a non-restricted-sodium diet
Nine out of 10 Americans eat more sodium salt than they need. Eating too much sodium can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure can raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The good news is that cutting down on sodium can help lower your blood pressure or keep it at a healthy level. Use these tips to help lower the amount of sodium in your diet. Use this shopping list to find lower-sodium foods when you are at the grocery store. Use the Nutrition Facts label to check the amount of sodium in foods and compare different options. Making your own meals is a great way to eat less sodium, because you are in control of what goes into your food. Replace high-sodium foods with high-potassium foods. Eating foods with potassium can help lower your blood pressure. Good sources of potassium include potatoes, cantaloupe, bananas, beans, milk, and yogurt.
Fast food is easy and tasty, but it is often high in calories, fat and sodium. Cold cuts and cured meats. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Frozen dinners or side dishes with salt.